UKCAT Decision Analysis Practice Answers

 1. (A,1), B, 9(A4)

A. Give me the car keys Correct Answer

B. Give me my car keys

C. Take the car keys

D. I was given the car keys

E. The car keys were mine


B is not correct as there is no reference to the keys belonging to anyone in the code

C is not correct as there is no reference to take, other than with the negative connotation indicating the opposite and therefore “give”

D is not correct because there is no reference in the code to the past tense i.e. given

E is not correct as it misses the code for “give” and also states that the keys belonged to someone which was not stated in the code.


2. B, A7, DE

A. I will be unable to go to the party

B. The party was full of people

C. I was unable to go to the party

D. I am unable to go to the party Correct answer

E. I am having a party

A is not correct as this “I will” makes a reference to the future tense which is not present in the code

B is not correct as it misses references to “I am unable” and “going”

C is not correct as the “I was” infers a past tense which is not in the code

E is not correct because it misses references to being unable to travel to the party.



3. 1, (AB), (13,2), 8, (A11)

A. This room is very hot, take off your scarf

B. If you take off your hat, you will get cold

C. You took off your hat and now it is cold

D. Take your hat off it is hot in this room Correct Answer

E. Your hat has made you warm in this cold place

A is not correct has there is no reference in the code for “scarf”

B is not correct as there is no reference in the code for “cold”

C is not correct as there is no reference in the code for “cold”

E is not correct as it infers a past tense with “has made” which is not present in the code; “cold” is not present in the code



4. B16, (14A17)

A. I like these shapes

B. I like the pyramids Correct Answer

C. I liked the pyramids

D. I went to the pyramids

E. I like making pyramid shapes

A is not correct as there are answers that fit “triangles” better than “shapes”

C is not correct as it infers a past tense not present in the code with “I liked”

D is not correct as it infers a past tense with “I went”

E is not correct as there is no reference to “making” in the code

 

5. AB, (19,2), F17

A. Those gloves are very small

B. My gloves are very big

C. Your gloves are very small Correct Answer

D. My gloves are small

E. The gloves are small

A is not correct as the reference to “your” has been missed

B is not correct as there is no reference to “my” in the code and the code references “small” not “big”

D is not correct has there is no reference to “my” in the code

E is not correct as “your” has been missed



6. BG, 18, F20, (3, 8)

A. I need help finding the DIY store

B. Help me find the tool shop

C. I was helped to find the nearest tool shop

D. Help me get to a nearby DIY store

E. Help me find the nearest DIY shop Correct Answer

A is not correct as it missed the reference to “nearest”

B is not correct as it missed the reference to “nearest”

C is not correct as it introduces the past tense with “I was” which is not in the code

D is not correct has it mentions “help me get to” implying travel, for which there is no reference in the code



7. A(6, H) B,F, D(EI)

A. Today I made many friends Correct Answer

B. Today I made a friend

C. I made a friend yesterday

D. I have lots of friends from long ago

E. In the past I made many friends

B misses the reference to “many friends”

C misses plural “friends” and introduces past tense not mentioned in the code with “yesterday”.

D and E both introduce the past tense with “long ago” and “in the past” respectively, which do not form part of the code



8. BG, 7, B9, 12

A. Help me move some things into my car

B. Help me move into my car Correct Answer

C. Help me into my car

D. I was helped to move into my car

E. Move some things into my car

A mentions “things” which is not referenced in the code

C misses “move” mentioned in the code

D introduces a past tense with “I was” not seen in the code

E misses “assist” which can be translated as help


9. B15F, AB, 7, B18

A. I am glad you came to see me

B. Are you coming to see me?

C. I was surprised you came to see me yesterday

D. Tomorrow I will come to see you

E. I am very surprised you are coming to see me Correct Answer

A introduces the past tense with “came” and also “glad” which aren't in the code, misses “shock”

B misses “shock” which is in the code

C introduces the past tense with “yesterday” not present in the code

D introduces the future tense with “tomorrow” not seen in the code


10. (B15), C, (11,21)

A. The cold air surprised me

B. I am surprised at just how cold the air is Correct Answer

C. The cold air surprises me

D. I am shocked by the heat in the air

E. I am surprised at how cold it is tonight

A misses “extent” which is mentioned in the code and introduced a past tense with “surprised” not present in the code

C misses “extent” which is mentioned in the code

D misses “cold” and instead uses heat

E introduces “tonight” which is not present in the code


11. A1, B, FC, 22

A. Time is ticking

B. Give me a help this time

C. Give me more time Correct Answer

D. Give me more time tomorrow

E. Give me less time

A misses “more” and “give me” referenced by the code

B introduces “help” not present in the code

D introduces the future tense with “tomorrow” not in the code

E misses “more” and instead uses “less”



12. (23A), H, 16, 7, (A11), 8

A. She is happy as she is on holiday

B. She was happy when she went to that warm holiday resort

C. She will be happy when she goes on holiday to a warm resort Correct Answer

D. When she arrives she will be in a beautiful warm place

E. Happiness is a holiday to a warm place

A misses the future tense indication in the code

B misses the future tense indication in the code and substitutes with a past tense using “she was”

D misses “happy” and adds in “beautiful” which is not in the code

E misses “she”


13. (AHA6)22, B10, (21,7)

A. Now I will take an airplane

B. I took an airplane

C. You are taking an airplane with me

D. Give me my airplane ticket

E. Why are you taking an airplane?

B introduces the past tense with “took” which is not in the code

C introduces “you” - note that just because it doesn’t seem to make sense is not a reason in itself that this is the wrong answer -suspend your common sense temporality and simply think about the code

D introduces “give” rather than “take” and also introduces “ticket” which is not in the code

E introduces “why” which is not codes for


14. DE, A16, (B,8,3)

A. I don’t enjoy doing DIY

B. We don’t enjoy housework Correct Answer

C. I don’t care about DIY

D. My husband likes DIY

E. My wife likes DIY

One of the more abstract examples, demonstrating the need to fill in the gaps when a code is ambiguous – in this case “tool” is used as a euphemism for “work”

A substitutes “we” for “I” which is not in the code and also misses the “negative” related to enjoy

C substitutes “we” for “I” and adds in “care” which is not coded for

D adds in “my husband” which is not coded for and misses the “negative” related to enjoy.

E the same as D but with “wife” replacing the correct “we”


15. A1, 23, 2, (23,11,15)

A. Don’t give him anything to eat he is in shock and cold

B. Give him some clothes he is cold

C. Give him a blanket he needs to keep warm to stop getting shock

D. Give him some clothes he is wet and In shock

E. Give him clothes he is cold and in shock Correct Answer

A adds in “don’t” “eat” which is not in the code

B misses “shock” and also adds in “some” which is not coded for

C adds in “blanket” and “warm” which are not coded for, and also adds in “stop getting shock” which is not coded for

D adds in “some” and “wet” which are not coded for


16. (AB)7,8B, 12, 9

A. You should travel places in your car

B. You and I should travel places

C. You move places with me in the car Correct Answer

D. The car is moving places and us

E. The car is going to places we need to go

A mixes up the order of the code and adds in “should” which is not coded for

B misses “vehicle” –which in the case of this question is translated as car

D does not make sense-but this alone isn’t enough to discount it. It also adds in “us” which is not coded for and mixes up the order of the code

E mixes up the order of the code and adds in “us” and “need” which are not coded for




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