The Get Into Medicine UKCAT Abstract reasoning Tutorial - vital information which can help you succeed at the UKCAT abstract reasoning subtest! Always check the official UKCAT website for official information!Information provided may not be current or up-to-date, and all information should checked against official information and official sources. Information is for 2013 entry. Always check information directly with official sources

In this tutorial we will show you the hints and tips that can help you in Abstract Reasoning tests. Abstract reasoning is used in the UKCAT to assess your ability at handling complex and ambiguous information, forming ideas quickly and then updating them in light of new information. 

In the  2013 UKCAT Abstract reasoning test you will have to answer 55 questions in 14 minutes and you need to be aware of techniques which will speed up your analysis and lead you to the correct answer as quickly as possible. Read the techniques and tips in this tutorial, and then try them out to see how you have progressed. This tutorial is for practising the type 1 question style, for further information on other question types check the official ukcat website

1. Identify the relationships between the various shapes in each set


There are some features of the shapes presented to you in each set that you must quickly analyse. You can do this in any order you wish, but the more efficient and methodical your order for you, the quicker you will be able to find out if there are any obvious patterns or relationships between the shapes.

     The number of shapes in each set

  • Are there the same number of shapes in each set? e.g. there are always 3 shapes in Set A and four shapes in Set B
  • Is there a ratio between numbers of different shapes? e.g. there are always 2 triangles for every one square
  • Is the number of a particular shape always the same as the number of another variable e.g. there are always two triangles present and always 2 right angles within the box.
     The types of shapes in each set
  • Is there always a particular shape present (even if the colour has changed)? e.g. always triangle and a circle in Set A
  • Is there any correlation with the size of a shape? e.g. always a large triangle in Set A but always a small triangle in set B
  • Are all the shapes present the same? e.g all circles in set A, all triangles in Set B?
     The angles present in each set
  • How many right angles are present? Is there always a certain number?
  • Is there a lack of right angles?
  • Is there a relationship between the number of right angles and another variable e.g. colour, number of shapes or sides?
  • Are all angles the same in one set e.g. all the angle in Set A are greater than 90 degrees, while all the angles in Set B are less than 90 degrees?
     The colour of the shapes in each set
  • What colours are present and how many of each - e.g. 3 black shapes, 2 white shapes and 1 with stripes
  • Are certain shapes always one type of colour? e.g. triangles are always black, squares are always white.
  • Ratio of the colours to each other and other variables - Are there always two black shapes to three white shapes, do black shapes always have right angles, do white shapes always have angles less than 90 degrees?
  • Is a particular colour of shape always in a particular place? e.g always a white shape in the top left hand corner?
    Number of sides of the shapes in each set
  • Are the number of sides always the same e.g. are there only 4 sided shapes in each box?
  • Is there are relationship between number of sides and another variable? e.g. four sided shapes are always black and there are always two of them
  • Add up all the sides in each box and see if it is always the same within the set e.g. there are always 16 sides in each box in set A and there are always 14 sides in each box in set B
     The direction of the shapes
  • Particularly important for arrows - are they all facing the same way? Are half of the arrows present always facing one way and the other half the opposite way?
  • Are triangles always pointing in a particular direction? e.g. all triangles point up in Set A but down in Set B

Information provided may not be current or up-to-date, and all information should checked against official information and official sources.



Copyright 2012 Get Into Medicine. All rights reserved


Copyright 2012 Get Into Medicine